Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccination Information

Welcome to the Jivika Health Portal

Every 5 minutes,

nearly one person dies of HPV-related cancers in India.
Cervical cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in Indian women.

Understanding Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer originates in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It’s primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk types of HPV.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Unusual discharge


  • Regular screening (Pap tests and HPV tests)
  • HPV vaccination

About HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

What is HPV?

HPV is a group of more than 200 related viruses, some of which are spread through sexual contact. Certain high-risk types can cause cervical cancer, while others may cause genital warts.

Key Facts about HPV:

  • Most sexually active people will get HPV at some point in their lives.

  • Most HPV infections go away on their own, but some can persist and lead to cancer.

  • HPV often has no symptoms and can go away on its own.

  • Persistent infection with high-risk HPV types can lead to cervical cancer and other cancers.

Gardasil Vaccines: Protecting Against HPV

What is Gardasil?

Gardasil is a vaccine designed to protect against HPV-related diseases. There are two versions: Gardasil 4 and Gardasil 9.

Gardasil 4:

  • Protects against 4 HPV types: 6, 11, 16, and 18.
  • Types 16 and 18 cause about 70% of cervical cancers.
  • Types 6 and 11 cause about 90% of genital warts.
  • Globally studied vaccine for 27 years.
  • Prevents against:
    • Cervical cancer
    • Vulvar cancer
    • Vaginal cancer
    • Precancer
    • Lesions
    • Genital Warts

Gardasil 9:

  • Protects against 9 HPV types: 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.
  • Offers broader protection, covering approximately 90% of cervical cancers.
  • Globally studied vaccine for 17 years.
  • Prevents against:
    • Cervical cancer
    • Vulvar cancer
    • Vaginal cancer
    • Anal cancer
    • Precancer Lesions
    • Genital Warts
    • External Genital Lesions

Differences Between Gardasil 4 and Gardasil 9

Gardasil 4
Gardasil 9
Number of HPV Types
Cancer Coverage
~82.4% of cervical cancers
~90% of cervical cancers
Genital Warts Protection


  • Protect yourself from multiple cancers caused by HPV.
  • Prevent genital warts.
  • Contribute to the herd immunity that protects those who can't be vaccinated.

Effectiveness Below Age 15:

  • Highly effective when given before exposure to HPV (typically before becoming sexually active).
  • Nearly 100% protection against the types of HPV the vaccine covers.

Effectiveness Above Age 15:

  • Still highly effective but may be slightly less so if exposed to HPV before vaccination.
  • Recommended up to age 26, and some groups suggest vaccination up to age 45.

Common Side Effects:

  • Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea

Rare Side Effects:

  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Dizziness or fainting shortly after the injection
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Both males and females can transmit and contract HPV.
  • Transmission is more common from females to males as compared to males to females.
  • Vaccinating both genders helps reduce the overall prevalence of the virus.
  • Gardasil is recommended for both males and females.
  • Extensive studies have shown that Gardasil is safe and well-tolerated.
  • Common side effects: pain at the injection site, headache, fever.
  • Serious side effects are rare and monitored continuously.

Contact Us

For more information or assistance, please contact our Team at info@jivikahealthcare.com or call on +91 9503047860, +91 9503047861

Stay informed. Stay protected. Stay healthy.